The American Society of Criminology (ASC) is an international organization whose members pursue scholarly, scientific and professional knowledge concerning the measurement, etiology, consequences, prevention, control, and treatment of crime and delinquency. The organization has it roots in a series of informal discussion groups that sprang up in the early 1930s under the loose direction of former Berkeley, California police chief and then University of California-Berkeley professor, August Vollmer. The Society was formally organized as the National Association of College Police Training Officials in August Vollmer's home in Berkeley in late December 1941. The organization was renamed the Society for the Advancement of Criminology in 1946. The Society was re-organized and took on its current name subsequent to a meeting held in March 1957 at the University of Southern California.